Uterine Diseases Symptoms Causes Tests Treatment

If we discuss uterine diseases, a wide range of conditions can affect the uterus. While speaking about uterine diseases, we are mostly referring to those that have a major effect on your reproductive system or the uterus. 

Some of these conditions may be severe and require urgent treatment, while certain minor conditions can be cured with minimal effort. However, there are certain basic symptoms associated with uterine diseases, like irregular bleeding, pain in the pelvic area, frequent urination, and others. Are you experiencing pain around the pelvic area or in your abdomen? 

Make sure to read this blog and learn more about uterine diseases, their symptoms, and the available treatment options!

Symptoms of Uterine Diseases 

Different kinds of uterine conditions have some basic and similar symptoms. Check out these symptoms to learn how to treat this health condition!

  • Irregular periods
  • Pain around the uterus
  • Frequent trouble urinating
  • Abnormal vaginal bleeding
  • Severe period cramps
  • Fatigue
  • Pain in the lower abdomen or pelvic areas
  • Discharge
  • Difficulty in conceiving 
  • Pain and severe pain during the intercourse
  • Bladder infections
  • Abdominal swelling

Apart from these, there can be other symptoms as well that you may experience. Also, there are chances that the symptoms will worsen or get better with the different phases of the menstrual cycle. 

The Different Types of Uterine Disease and their Causes 

There are different types of uterine conditions with different underlying causes. Most of these causes develop within the uterus, while other factors may include hormonal changes. 

  • Dysmenorrhea: Generally known as menstrual pain, you may experience this before or during your periods. This condition is not highly alarming or requires medical attention. However, a heating pad, certain medications, or proper rest may help soothe the cramps. 
  • Menorrhagia: In this condition, one may experience heavy bleeding during their periods. This kind of abnormal bleeding may last for a long time. There may be more than one reason for its occurrence, like hormonal imbalances, polyps, fibroids, birth control methods, or in the most extreme cases, cancer!

Heavy bleeding due to this uterine disease may further lead to anaemia. Make sure to seek medical help if you are experiencing a similar condition.

  • Uterine Prolapse: This case highlights that the ligaments and muscles responsible for maintaining the uterus intact have weakened! With aging, women normally experience average uterine prolapse. One may experience urgency in urinating or urine leaks in this scenario. 
  • Congenital Uterine Malformation: The uterus may have an unusual shape at times. Due to this uterine condition, it is very difficult to conceive or even more likely to miscarry. And this condition can be identified with an ultrasound. 
  • PID: The uterus can also get affected by bacteria or other microbes that enter through the cervix and spread upwards. In addition, it can also affect the pelvic organs, fallopian tubes, and the cervix!
  • Fibroids: Fibroids are growths that develop in the lining or the walls of the uterus. Or, in some cases, it can grow outside the uterus too! And the size of these fibroids may differ from that of a small seed to as large as an orange. 

During this uterine condition, you may experience back pain, severe pain during intercourse, heavy menstrual bleeding, and difficulty conceiving.

  • Endometriosis: The tissues that form the uterus lining tend to grow over other parts. In most cases, it grows around the ovaries and abdomen. This leads to the build-up of scar tissue in all the affected organs. 
    You may do this through irregular bleeding, pain in the intestines or abdomen, painful urination, or severe pain during intercourse; get it tested immediately, as it may be Endometriosis!
  • Uterine Cancer: This uterine disease may lead to abnormal bleeding. The type in this category is endometrial cancer, and getting it properly treated is paramount since it has a high chance of spreading around the uterus.

Tests for Uterine Diseases

The exact condition and location of the disease can only be identified after properly diagnosing your symptoms and performing additional tests. These tests can be as follows: 

  • Pelvic Exam: It can help in identifying issues like uterine prolapse! However, you will be asked to undergo several other tests to confirm your condition. 
  • Urinalysis: It helps in testing or detecting infection and the presence of cancer cells. 
  • Blood Samples: Blood samples help check out hormonal changes, which may impact the uterus.
  • Imaging Tests: CT scans or ultrasounds produce an image of the uterus. As a result, you'll be able to see if there are differences in size, location, etc.

Treatment Options for different Uterine Conditions

Your symptoms will heavily influence the treatment options that your doctor will suggest to you! Here are some common treatment options available for treating uterine issues. 

  • Antibiotics: For conditions like PID or other uterine issues, your doctor will prescribe certain antibiotics. 
  • Hormonal Treatments: If your condition is Endometriosis, you will be asked to take certain medications like birth control pills. If symptoms are severe, your doctor will suggest hormone therapy! 
  • Surgery: Surgery is inevitable in cases where the condition is severe, like cancer or uterine prolapse. If symptoms worsen, the uterus may also be removed. 
  • Embolization: This is a treatment used to treat uterine fibroids. It can also treat polyps if required!


The uterus can be affected by a variety of conditions that have similar symptoms. It is not a wise decision to take any remedial measures without a proper diagnosis. A proper diagnosis by a medical professional and following up on the appropriate treatment options will effectively cure any uterine disease. 

Read more on gynaecology related topics from Dr. Shubra Goyal. You can also call on +91 8979559333 to fix appointments with her.

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